Glossary

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Counting / Numbers
Japanese English
Ichi / sho One / first
Ni Two
San Three
Shi / yon Four
Go Five
Roku Six
Shichi / nana Seven
Hachi Eight
Ku Nine
Ju Ten
Juichi Eleven
Juni Twelve
Jusan Thirteen
Juyon Fourteen
Jugo Fifteen
Niju Twenty
Sanju Thirty
Yonju Fourty
Goju Fifty
Hyaku One hundred
Gohyaku Five hundred
Sen One thousand

Common titles
Japanese English
Osensei Great teacher
Soke Head of lineage or family
Kaicho President
Fuku-Kaicho Vice President
Rijicho Chairman
Kancho Head of dojo / branch director
Sensei Teacher (literally: one who has gone before)
Dai-Senpai Most senior student (literally: one who is the most senior)
Senpai Senior student (literally: one who is senior)
Hanshisei Master instructor, 10th Dan (literally: the lead model to teaching experts)
Hanshi Master instructor, 9th & 10th Dan (literally: a model to teaching experts)
Kyoshi Advanced instructor, 7th & 8th Dan (literally: teaching expert)
Renshi Senior instructor, 6th Dan (literally: a polished expert)

General terms
Japanese English
Shugo Line up
Keioske Stand at attention
Kiritsu Stand up
Dozo Please
Keiko Training session
Keiko hajimemasu To begin training
Keiko owarimasu To finish training
Onegaishimasu Please do me a favour
Arigato Thank you (polite)
Arigato gozaimasu Thank you very much (more polite)
Domo arigato gozaimasu Thank you very much (most polite)
Bunkai Analysis of movement (usually of kata)
Oyo Application (usually stemming from bunkai)
Bushido Way of the warrior
Shitsurei shimasu Please excuse me (usually when late)
Kata Formal form or exercise
Karate-gi / do-gi / gi Uniform
Hai Yes
Wakarimasu I understand
Wakarimasen I do not understand
Wakarimasuka Do you understand?
Rei Bow (literally: respect or courtesy)
Reishiki Code of conduct
Hajime Begin
Yame Stop
Matte Wait / pause
So-Honbu General or World Headquarters
Shibu-Honbu Branch headquarters
Shibu Branch dojo
Fuku-Shibu Sub-branch dojo under supervision of Shibu
Kodokan Lecture hall (literally: a place to study the way)
Hidari Left
Migi Right
Kiai Shout of spirit
Ki Spirit
Mawatte Turn
Kamae On guard
Yoi Ready position
Do itashimashita You're welcome
Ohayo gozaimasu Good morning
Konnichiwa Good afternoon
Konbanwa Good evening
Koshi o ireru Putting in the hip
Kime Focus
Atemi Destructive power
Maai Distancing
Mokuso Meditation
Shomen ni rei Bow to front
Sensei ni rei Bow to sensei
Otagai ni taishi rei Face each other and bow
Hojo undo Supplementary conditioning exercise
Kumite Sparring
Yakusoku Kumite Promise Sparring
Kihon Basics
Kiso tanren Foundational drills
Kotekitae Conditioning of the body
Kakie Push hands
Muchimi Sticking to the opponent
Kazushi Breaking balance
Junbi undo Warm-up exercises
Kihon undo Basic exercises
Waza Technique
Obi Belt
Makiwara Striking board
Shiai Sparring match

Tachikata (stances)
Japanese English
Fudo dachi Formal attention stance
Heisoku dachi Closed-foot stance
Soto-hachiji shizentai dachi (Hachiji dachi) Natural stance
Ashi-mae shizentai dachi Foot forward natural walking stance
Nekoashi dachi Cat stance
Jigotai dachi (shiko dachi) Squat stance
Naihanchi dachi (kiba dachi) Straddle-leg stance
Zenkutsu dachi Front stance
Naname-zenkutsu dachi Diagonal front stance
Kokutsu dachi Back stance
Kosa dachi Cross stance
Ippon-ashi dachi One leg stance
Iaigoshi dachi Kneeling stance
Seiza Formal sitting position (this is not a stance)

Semekata (attacking techniques)
Japanese English
Seiken waza Fist techniques
Jodan zuki Upper punch
Chudan zuki Middle punch
Gedan zuki Lower punch
Kaku zuki (masu zuki) Square punch
Tomoe zuki Circular block and punch
Sayu zuki Double side punch
Kakushi zuki Hidden punch
Oi zuki Chasing punch
Wari-uke zuki Split-block punch
Morote zuki Augmented punch to the side
   
Yubi waza Finger techniques
Nukite zuki Spear-hand thrust
Morote-nuki zuki Double spear-hand thrust
Shi zuki Beak thrust
   
Uchi waza Striking techniques
Uraken uchi Backfist strike
Kentsui uchi Fist-hammer strike
Shuto uchi Knife-hand strike
Kyobu shuto uchi Chest knife-hand strike
Kyobu morote shuto uchi Chest double knife-hand strike
Kyobu soete shuto uchi Chest augmented knife-hand strike
Haito uchi Reverse knife-hand strike
   
Ate waza Smashing technique
Hiji ate Elbow smash
Hiza ate Knee smash
Shotei ate Palm-heel smash
Tomoe shotei-ate Circular palm-heel smash

note: zuki is usually pronounced as ski when saying the technique name

Ukekata (blocking techniques)
Japanese English
Seiken-ude uke Forearm blocks
Jodan uke Upper block
Chudan soto uke Middle outward block
Chudan yoko uke Middle sideward block
Chudan yoko mawashi uke Middle sideward roundblock
Chudan uchi uke Middle inward block
Gedan uke Lower block
Gedan yoko barai uke Lower sideward block
Sasae uke Supported forearm block
Sayu barai uke Double lower sideward block
Jodan wari uke Upper split block
Chudan wari uke Middle split block
Kosa uke Cross block
Morote soe uke Augmented forearm block
Morote barai uke (chudan gedan uke) Augmented lower block
Hazushi uke Removing block
Otoshi uke Dropping downward block
   
Shuto / haito uke Knife-hand / reverse knife-hand blocks
Chudan soto shuto uke Middle outward knife-hand block
Chudan uchi shuto uke Upper inward knife-hand block
Chudan yoko shuto uke Middle sideward knife-hand block
Gedan shuto uke (shuto gedan barai) Lower knife-hand block
Gedan shuto yoko barai uke Lower sideward knife-hand block
Hasami uke Open hand scissors block
Makite uke Winding knife-hand block
Magetori barai uke Rising upward both-hand knife block
Torite uke Grasping-hand block
Gedan haito yoko uke Lower sideward reverse knife-hand block
   
Shotei uke Palm-heel blocks
Chudan shotei uke Middle palm-heel block
Gedan shotei uke Lower palm-heel block
   
Hiji uke Elbow block
Hangetsu barai uke Half-moon foot block

Kerikata (kicking techniques)
Japanese English
Mae geri Front kick
Kyobu geri Chest kick
Fukubu geri Abdomen kick
Tsumasaki geri Toe kick
Kinteki geri Groin kick
Sokuto geri Foot-edge kick
Yoko geri Side kick
Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick
Nidan geri Flying front kick
Ushiro geri Back kick

Intermediate movements (fighting postures)
Japanese English
Suirakan no kamae Drunkard fighting posture
Ryu-no-shita no kamae Dragon-tongue fighting posture
Sagurite no kamae Searchiing-hand fighting posture
Hotoke gamae Buddha-hand fighting posture
Tenshin no kamae Body-shifting fighting posture
Ura gamae Cheating fighting posture

note: techniques that are listed in (brackets) indicates the alternative name for the technique name, and more common name used in our dojo.